Mountain pasturing is rooted in very old traditions and based on making the most of the land and pastures by taking seasonal cycles and the constraints of climate into account. Despite the fact that this form of animal rearing requires both the livestock and the people looking after them to be highly mobile, it is actually closely related to specific geographical areas and generally tends to follow fixed or foreseeable routes.

It is an extensive form of farming and the herds pasture on vast expanses. As the seasons progress the herds are moved on to go and find fodder elsewhere and so as to give the vegetation time to grow back. It requires the herdsmen and their animals to fit in around sedentary mountain farmers who share their lands with them when they are not being cultivated.

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